TOOL 2.3 – THE NEWSPAPER ARTICLE AND THE STORIES CONSTRUCTION

AIMS OF THE ACTIVITY
Objective of the exercise is to allow participants to experience directly (as volunteers) and indirectly (as observers) the influence of cognitive maps of each one in the condition of our listening ability of the other, therefore, to build and sustain an effective relationship.
DESCRIPTION / METHODOLOGY
The conductor finds a newspaper article, which in his/her opinion is neither short nor long, containing the description of people, places and dates.

Then he/she asks to 5 volunteers (storytellers) to join the game. Four go out of the room so as not to listen to anything and wait outside. The fifth (chosen by the facilitator as the one that has the best memory of the storytellers, otherwise everything will fray too quickly …) is given the chosen article, with the task of reading it without speaking. This done, the article is returned to the facilitator and the volunteer must tell the classroom (listeners) the content in their own words. The facilitator records his story (you can use a PC or a smartphone, etc..), and he/she enters one of the four remaining outside, which makes listening to the recording of the first and then asked to tell in front of the group, recording again. This continues with everyone else.

At the end, the facilitator asks all storytellers to remain silent and to listeners to reconstruct the original story. At that point, he/she can read the entire newspaper article.

In debriefing, it will emerge as each person has omitted distorted or added information. If necessary, is possible to re-listen to some recordings. It will also be useful to try to rebuild with each storytellers as he/she lived the recording listening experience of his/her predecessors but also the experience of attending to listening to the narration of the story that he/she had recorded.

If you want, you can distribute to the listeners a sheet where ask to score the basic elements of the story, after the first listen. After the last hearing (but before the newspaper article read) the facilitator can ask each listener what were the key elements identified (and here, can be emerge additional differences in the audience) and how many of these were present in the latest version of the story

Overall, the facilitator can show how the information is collected and reinterpreted by each in the light of their own cognitive map.

SUGGESTED TIMING
40 minutes – including debriefing
MATERIAL AND RESOURCES NEEDED
 
COMPETENCES DEVELOPED
Active listening

Self-awareness

The cognitive map

 

The newspaper article and the construction of stories

LISTENER SHEET

 

After listening to the first storytellers, what are the five basic elements of the story told? Write them below:

 

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.